Subject Leader: Mrs K Worgan
At St Joseph’s we strive to ensure that all children become fluent readers by the end of Key Stage One. Phonics planning is based on the DFE’s Letters and Sounds which is a systematic phonics programme. Children enjoy daily, differentiated phonics lessons that are tailored to their individual needs and interests. They are always excited to attend a phonics picnic and love training to become ‘phoniconauts’ to get their licence to travel to Planet Phonics!
The DFE’s Letters and Sounds programme is separated into six phases. Children start on Phase 1 in Reception and will work through to Phase 3/4. In Year 1 children will recap Phase 3/4 and work through to Phase 5. Children then move on to Phase 6 in Year 2, whilst recapping previous phases. KS2 children also receive continued phonics teaching and support where necessary.
Phases of Letters and Sounds
Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.
Children learn 19 letters of the alphabet (graphemes) and the sound each one makes (phonemes) . They then learn to blend the sounds together to read words and segment words into their separate sounds for spelling. Children begin to read simple captions.
Children learn the remaining 7 letters of the alphabet and the sound each one makes. They then begin to learn digraphs (two letters together that make one sound such as, oo, ee, ch, sh). Children read captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the “simple code”, i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.
No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.
Now we move on to the “complex code”. Children learn alternative graphemes for the phonemes they already know, as well as alternative ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.
(Year 2 and beyond)
Working on spelling rules, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.
What are ‘Tricky words’?
Tricky words are words that cannot be ‘sounded-out’ but need to be learnt by heart. They don’t fit into the usual spelling patterns. In order to read simple sentences, it is necessary for children to know some words that have unusual or untaught spellings.
What are High Frequency words?
High frequency (common) are words that recur frequently in much of the written material young children read and that they need when they write.
Mr Thorne Does Phonics: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LlTw0oiLNys
(How to learn the letters and sounds of the alphabet)
Reading schemes currently used in key stage 1 are:
Big Cat Collins, Oxford Reading Tree. Please see “Meet the Teacher” powerpoint for each year group for more details.